San Joaquin River DOTMDL -- Technical Working Group

Aeration Performance of Rectangular Planform Labyrinth Weirs

Authors: Chau Chiu Tsang, Peter Wormleaton
Publication Date: May 01, 2000
Summary: Maintenance of a high level of dissolved oxygen is important in natural rivers and in some water treatment processes. This can be enhanced by creating turbulence in the water. One method of producing such turbulence is via the overflow jets downstream of weir structures. The aeration characteristics of straight weirs have been measured and analyzed by a number of investigators. However, labyrinth weirs, which are cranked in planform, have received little attention in this respect. The aeration performance of a weir under a particular set of flow conditions is largely determined by the characteristics of the overall jet. The geometry of labyrinth weirs provides increased sill length and often results in the overfall jets colliding with each other, both of which may lead to increased aeration. A series of laboratory experiments were run on rectangular planform labyrinth weirs. These showed that, although detailed geometry of the weir was not important, the labyrinth weirs aerated significantly better than an equivalent straight weir, particularly at low drop heights.
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